What Is a Base Currency?

what is base currency

On the other hand, when the currency pair is sold, the investor sells the base currency and receives the quote currency. Thus, the selling price of the currency pair is the amount one will receive in the quote currency for providing one unit of the base currency. In this example, the base currency is the euro and the quote currency is the US dollar.

what is base currency

Stay in the know with the latest market news and expert insights delivered straight to your inbox. Discover how to trade with IG Academy, using our series of interactive courses, webinars and seminars. It’s important to note that the concept of a « high » or « low » currency value is always relative to another currency.

For instance in these pairs USD is a non base currency – EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD and NZD/USD. There are currency pairs where USD becomes base currency, such as USD/JPY, USD/CAD and others. The base currency represents how many units you need to buy one unit of the quote currency. So, if the EUR/USD pair currently trades at 1.03, you’ll need to sell 1.03 euros to buy coinspot review 1 US dollar. The price displayed on a chart will always be the quote currency – it represents the amount of the quote currency you will need to spend in order to purchase one unit of the base currency. Base currency and quote currency are used in the context of foreign currency transactions, where two currencies always face each other and produce an exchange rate.

The Base Currency in Financial Reporting

It is considered to be one of the most liquid markets in the world with trillions traded each day. Trades are made using currency pairs, with a base currency and quote or counter currency. Pairs are written as XXX/YYY or simply XXXYYY where XXX is the base currency and YYY is the quote currency. Samples are GBP/AUD, EUR/USD, USD/JPY, GBPJPY, EURNZD, and EURCHF. The term base currency refers to the first currency that appears in a currency pair.

  1. Companies that are internationally active and also do business in foreign currencies are also interested in currency pairs.
  2. In contrast, using credit to pay a debt does not qualify as part of the monetary base, as this is not the final step in the transaction.
  3. Find out more about forex trading and how leverage in forex works.
  4. The exchange rate between two currencies directly correlates with the concept of base and quote currencies.

It offers a range of tools, charts, and resources to help both novice and experienced traders make informed decisions. In the context of a direct quote, the base currency is often the foreign currency. For example, if an American trader is looking at the EUR/USD pair, the base currency is EUR (Euro), which is foreign to an American. In any given currency pair, the base currency is always the first currency listed, and it’s the currency that is being traded against another—known as the « quote currency. » For instance, let’s assume a trader is looking at a currency pair of USD/CHF, where the USD is the base currency and the CHF is the quote currency. If the value of the USD increases, it will take fewer francs to buy one dollar.

Trading is done on regulated exchanges called Forex (short for “foreign exchange”) and off-exchange markets. Investors generally buy the pair if they think that the base currency will gain value in contrast with the quote currency. On the other hand, they may decide to sell the pair if they think that the base currency will lose value in contrast with the quote currency. One of the primary functions is to provide money and bank reserves. The money that they provide and inject into their economies is called the monetary base. The monetary base is important in any economy because it is used to complete and settle transactions and pay off debt.

Illustration of a base currency

Conversely, when you sell the pair, you sell the quote currency and receive the quote currency in exchange. The ask (selling price) of the currency pair expresses the sum you can recover, in quoted currency, thanks to the sale of a unit of the quoted currency. If you buy a currency pair, you buy the quote currency and sell the quote currency.

what is base currency

If you were to open a short position, you would do so with an expectation that the base currency will fall in value against the quote currency. So, if the US dollar is strong, you would want to execute a sell order on the EUR/USD pair. If this investor looks at the exchange rate for GBPUSD, he sees how many US dollars he can buy for a certain amount of GBP. If he knows the correlations and influences on the exchange bitfinex supported countries rate, he can make estimates as to whether the exchange rate will rise or fall in the near future and manage his investment in this way. When considering « CFDs » for trading and price predictions, remember that trading CFDs involves a significant degree of risk and could result in capital loss. This information is provided for informative purposes only and should not be construed to be investment advice. »

Due to its stability and status as the quintessential commercial currency, the US dollar is generally quoted as the base currency. As we already mentioned, Forex quotes are always made up of two currencies. For example, in the USD/JPY quote, USD is the first currency mentioned; thus, it represents the base currency. In a currency pair, the first component is called a base currency and the second one is called its quote currency. For example, in EUR/USD EUR is a base currency and USD is a quote currency.

FAQs on Base Currency in Trading

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Of course, the base currency rate is subject to very frequent change, as there are a lot of factors potentially impacting the number, like current interest rates, GDP, and macroeconomic events. For example, in EUR/USD, the Euro is the base currency, and you can buy 1 EUR by paying USD 1.1. Currencies constituting a currency pair are sometimes separated with a slash character. The slash may be omitted or replaced by a period, a dash, or nothing at all.

Base currency and quote currency explained: What’s the difference?

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Forex trading involves these traded currency pairs, and the bid price reflects what buyers are willing to pay for the base currency. Interest rates, economic stability, and geopolitical events can all influence the value of the base currency in the foreign exchange market. Understanding these dynamics is crucial for anyone involved in forex trading, as they navigate the complexities of buying and selling one currency against another. In the dynamic world of forex trading, understanding the concept of a base currency is fundamental. When you delve into trading currencies, the base currency acts as the unit of the base in a currency pair.

He specializes in finance and information technology and is also an active investor. For privacy and data protection related complaints please contact us at Please read our PRIVACY POLICY STATEMENT for more information on handling of personal data. Before your trip, you check the exchange rate and see that EUR/USD is at 1.2. Another crypto trader stated that he is “super bullish on $TOSHI being the no 1 launchpad token on Base.” Base is Coinbase’s layer-2 blockchain based on Ethereum. Toshi, a memecoin named after Coinbase CEO Brian Armstrong’s cat, has surged 35% on the day, with traders predicting further upside. This guide delves into the different types of market indices, why it can be beneficial to trade them as CFDs, and covers some popular index trading st…

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